By Dipak Majumder
The rights of Arab women to education with no discrimination are the essence and basis of rights and the denominator for all human values, religious and secular laws. Because education prepares women to enjoy the advantages of all rights and values; The Arab women have a lot of civil and political rights, Arab women also have freedom to seek information, freedom to vote, freedom of expression and lots of other rights depending on their opportunities and level in education. Also, the social economic and cultural rights such as choosing employment and equal compensation in addition to enjoying the benefits of technological, scientific progress and admission to higher education. Some of the causes of absence of education among Arab women include:
1. Interruption of the stability of equal opportunities and equality between the sexes in education:
The sex inequality in education is the most persistent manifestation of unfairness in Arab societies because it affects virtually half of the population. We can notice a measurable improvement in education ranks of women and cumulative rates of female admission in primary and secondary schools. These achievements have not succeeded in changing attitudes, and social norms influenced against women, which stresses exclusively on the female reproductive part and reinforce inequality between women and men in various aspects of life. This challenge has created other challenges for Arab women, including (Arab Human Development Report for the year 2000).
2. Dominant culture and social tradition in the education of Arab women:
The social approaches in traditional Arab societies, mainly in rural and desert communities in addition to individuals in isolated areas and marginalized groups is that the usual situation for Arab women is marriage, house life and roles apportion built on this distinction.
The overall challenges faced by these women linked to the ability of the education structures to impose essential education without discrimination.
3. Challenges related to feminization of poverty:
Poverty tends to disturb women more than men, and women’s poverty leads to strengthening of the dimension of the qualitative aspects of variation, particularly in respect to the delivery of the development abilities and inequality in admittance to employment in addition to the difference in wages compared with men, which also leads to a high numbers of Arab women who live below the poverty line and to low access to the social security system by women. To meet these challenges of Arab women and exit from misery that they are in and to enhance and to empower their part in public life, requires Arab women to be aware of the significance of their role in the community and knowing the advantages of education in improving their capacity to claim their rights.
It also requires them to recognition the following:
1. Recognize the international legislation, local and regional human rights of women and the important right to education. 2. Explore the chances available in the necessary transformations taking place in their community and especially the globalization in the world of information and the associated resolution and communications technology that can exploit the positive aspects connected to women.