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First Aid: Introduction – Dr. Alyaa Gad

With the first aid course you will learn to provide initial care in case of illness or injury until medical help arrives. In this course I will tell you about the basics of first aid measures.

We will need some tools in this course as first aid kit. I’ll tell you more about its contents. For those families with small children I’d recommend that you keep a book about first aid at home, as it contains emergency solutions for any health problems you might face.

We are a work team. Myself and my kids Gabriel and Noah. And I’m going to tell you about the basics of first aid.

There are 5 principles of first aid that you should always bear in mind. They are:

  • Stay away from danger. Please protect yourself first.
    Eg.: If there’s an accident, do not endanger yourself in order to rescue the victim. Please first make sure that you are save or offering help to others.
  • Find out what the victim’s problems are. Collect the vital data.
    Eg.: You should check the victims breathing, pulse, and if there are any wound on the body, and if there’s any bleeding or any signs of bleeding. Was the victim hit? Did he/she drown? Try to collect as many information as possible about the victim. It’s also important to know the victim’s name and address, and the others of the place in which you are present.
  • Call the emergency number.
    I’d recommend that you save emergency numbers on your mobile phone and at home you should write it down on a sticker beside your phone or stick it on the refrigerator. It should be in a clear and obvious place in order to find it easily and call quickly.
  • Help the victim by doing the needed first aid measures.
  • Wait for ambulance arrival while sitting beside the victim.

So the 5 points of first aid that you should always remember are:

  1. Stay away from danger.
  2. Collect information about the victim’s identity, problem and location.
  3. Call the emergency number.
  4. Help the victim by doing the first aid measures.
  5. Wait with the victim until medical help arrives.

I hope you’ll find this course useful!

Alyaa Gad


Alyaa Gad is an Egyptian medical doctor, graduated at the Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo. After having worked with UNICEF in the healthcare-deprived areas of Upper Egypt, Alyaa decided to study health education in The Netherlands. She worked as a medical researcher and lecturer at several Dutch institutes, before settling down in Switzerland. She currently works in a general medicine clinic. In her free time, she works as an abstract artist in her studio. Dr. Alyaa is married and has two sons.


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